Revised by the elder board - December 2005
(John Schamber, Ralph Bender, Manuel Arredondo, Joel Wood, & Mike Gardiner)
|The following is intended to express what we believe to be the major/fundamental truths of the Bible. However, in the end Scripture itself is our final authority, not any creed, human statement or teaching (1 Corinthians 4:6).
THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
- We believe the Bible, which contains the sixty-six books of the Old & New Testament, is the verbally inspired Word of God and is free from all error in the original manuscripts (Matt 5:18, 2 Tim 3:16-17; 1 Pet 1:20).
- The Holy Spirit so superintended the human authors that, through their individual personalities and different styles of writing, they composed and recorded God’s Word to man (2 Peter 1:20-21) without error in the whole or in the part (Matthew 5:18; 2 Timothy 3:16). We teach that, whereas there may be several applications of any given passage of Scripture, there is but one true interpretation.
- While we believe the Bible is our final authority for godliness, faith, practice and doctrine, its authority should not be limited to these things. The Bible is authoritative in all matters it addresses (e.g., Science, history, etc.) (Psalm 19:7-11; Zechariah 7:12; Matthew 24:35; John 17:17; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:3-4, 19).
- THE TRINITY – We believe there is but one living and true God, (Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 45:5-7; 1 Corinthians 8:4), perfect and infinite in all of His attributes, one in essence, and eternally existing in three persons – Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19; 2:Corinthians 13:14) – each equally deserving worship and obedience.
- GOD THE FATHER – We believe that God, the first Person of the Trinity, orders and disposes all things according to His own purpose and grace (Psalm 145:8-9; 1 Corinthians 8:6). He is the Creator of all things (Genesis 1:1-31; Ephesians 3:9). As the only absolute and omnipotent Ruler in the universe, He is sovereign in creation, providence, and redemption (Psalm 103:19; Romans 11:36). He has decreed for His own glory all things that come to pass (Ephesians 1:11). He continually upholds, directs, and governs all creatures and events (1 Chronicles 29:11). In His sovereignty He is neither author nor approver of sin (Habakkuk 1:13; John 8:38-47; James 1:13-14), nor does He abridge the accountability of moral, intelligent creatures (1 Peter 1:17).
- GOD THE SON
- We teach that Jesus Christ, the second Person of the Trinity, possesses all the divine excellencies, and in these He is coequal, consubstantial, and coeternal with the Father (John 10:30; 14:9).
- We teach that God the Father created according to His own will, through His Son, Jesus Christ, by whom all things continue in existence and in operation (John 1:3; Colossians 1:15 17; Hebrews 1:2).
- We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God, was supernaturally conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and was born of the virgin Mary (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:26-35), a lineal descendant of David (Matthew 1:1-17; Luke 1:31-33; Romans 1:2-4; 2 Timothy 2:8).
- We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ became a man without ceasing to be God in order that He might reveal God and redeem sinful men (John 1:1-2, 14; Luke 1:35; Phil 2:5-7, 1 Tim 3:16). Thus, in the incarnation (God becoming man) Christ surrendered only the prerogatives of deity but nothing of the divine essence, either in degree or kind.
- We believe that our Lord Jesus Christ accomplished our redemption through the shedding of His blood and sacrificial death on the cross and that His death was voluntary, substitutionary, propitiatory, and redemptive (John 10:15; Romans 3:24 25; 5:8; 1 Peter 2:24).
- We believe that in the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the grave, God confirmed the deity of His Son and gave proof that God has accepted the atoning work of Christ on the cross. Jesus' bodily resurrection is also the guarantee of a future resurrection life for all believers (John 5:26 29; 14:19; Romans 1:4; 4:25; 6:5 10; 1 Corinthians 15:20, 23).
- We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father were He as our High Priest now intercedes before the Father on behalf of the redeemed (Acts 1:9-10, Heb 9:24, Rom 8:34, 1 John 2:1-2).
- We believe that Jesus Christ will return to receive the church, which is His Body, unto Himself at the rapture, and returning with His church in glory, will establish His millennial kingdom on earth (Acts 1:9 11; 1 Thessalonians 4:13 18; Revelation 20).
- We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ is the One through whom God will judge all mankind (John 5:22 23):
- Believers (1 Corinthians 3:10 15; 2 Corinthians 5:10)
- Living inhabitants of the earth at His glorious return (Matthew 25:31 46).
- Unbelieving dead at the Great White Throne (Revelation 20:11 15).
- GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT
- We believe that the Holy Spirit is the third person of the Godhead, co-eternal and co-equal with the Father and the Son. We believe that the Holy Spirit fills and empowers believers as the Word of Christ dwells in them and they yield obedience to Christ (Eph 5:18, Col 3:16).
- The broad scope of His divine activity includes convicting the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment; glorifying the Lord Jesus Christ and transforming believers into the image of Christ (John 16:7 9; Acts 1:5; 2:4; Romans 8:29; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Ephesians 2:22).
- We believe that the Holy Spirit is the supernatural and sovereign Agent in regeneration, baptizing all believers into the Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:13, Romans 8:9). This baptism of the Holy Spirit occurs in the life of every believer at the time of conversion. This includes indwelling, sanctifying, instructing, equipping believers for service, and sealing them unto the day of redemption (Romans 8:9; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Ephesians 1:13).
- We believe that the Holy Spirit administers spiritual gifts to the church. In so doing He glorifies neither Himself nor His gifts by ostentatious displays, but He does glorify Christ by implementing His work of redeeming the lost and building up believers in the most holy faith (John 16:13 14; Acts 1:8; 1 Corinthians 12:4 11; 2 Corinthians 3:18).
- We believe that there were two kinds of gifts given to the early church: miraculous gifts of divine revelation (e.g., speaking in tongues) and healing, given temporarily in the apostolic era for the purpose of confirming the authenticity of the apostles' message (Hebrews 2:3 4; 2 Corinthians 12:12); and ministering gifts, given to equip believers for edifying one another. With the New Testament revelation now complete, Scripture becomes the sole test of the authenticity of a man's message, and confirming gifts of a miraculous nature are no longer necessary to validate a man or his message (1 Corinthians 13:8 12). Miraculous gifts can even be counterfeited by Satan so as to deceive even believers (1 Corinthians 13:13-14:12; Revelation 13:13 14). The only gifts in operation today are those non-revelatory, equipping gifts given for edification (Romans 12:6-8; Ephesians 4:11; 1 Peter 4:10-11). We believe that no one possesses the gift of healing today but that God does hear and answer the prayer of faith and will answer in accordance with His own perfect will for the sick, suffering, and afflicted (Luke 18:1 6; John 5:7 9; 2 Corinthians 12:6 10; James 5:13 16; 1 John 5:14 15).
- We believe that man was directly and immediately created by God in His image and likeness. Man was created free of sin with a rational nature, intelligence, volition, self determination, and moral responsibility to God (Genesis 2:7, 15 25; James 3:9).
- We believe that God's intention in the creation of man was that man should glorify God, enjoy God's fellowship, live his life in the will of God, and by this accomplish God's purpose for man in the world (Isaiah 43:7; Colossians 1:16; Revelation 4:11).
- We believe that in Adam's sin of disobedience to the revealed will and Word of God, man lost his innocence; incurred the penalty of spiritual and physical death; became subject to the wrath of God; and became inherently corrupt and utterly incapable of choosing or doing that which is acceptable to God apart from divine grace. With no recuperative powers to enable him to recover himself, man is hopelessly lost. Man's salvation is thereby wholly of God's grace through the redemptive work of our Lord Jesus Christ (Genesis 2:16 17; 3:1 19; John 3:36; Romans 3:23; 6:23; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Ephesians 2:1 3; 1 Timothy 2:13 14; 1 John 1:8).
- We believe that because all men were in Adam, a nature corrupted by Adam's sin has been transmitted to all men of all ages, Jesus Christ being the only exception. All men are thus sinners by nature, by choice, and by divine declaration (Psalm 14:1 3; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 3:9 18, 23; 5:10 12). [By sin we mean any moral evil, conduct, or intent of man that is contrary to the character and will of God (Ezra 9:6-7; Isaiah 14:13-14; Jeremiah 22:21; Romans 3:10, 23)].
- THE NEED FOR SALVATION – We believe that unrepentant sinners have God’s wrath abiding on them and therefore all men are in need of salvation from sin and its consequences (John 3:36; Romans 3:23-24; 6:23; Ephesians 2:3). The ultimate consequences of sin are eternal separation from God and suffering the holy wrath of His justice for eternity in the lake of fire (Nahum 1:3; Revelation 20:14-15).
- We believe that election is the act of God by which, before the foundation of the world, He chose in Christ those whom He graciously regenerates, saves, and sanctifies (Romans 8:28 30; Ephesians 1:4 11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 2:10; 1 Peter 1:1 2).
- We believe that sovereign election does not contradict or negate the responsibility of man to repent and trust Christ as Savior and Lord (Ezekiel 18:23, 32; 33:11; John 3:18 19, 36; 5:40; Romans 9:22 23; 2 Thessalonians 2:10 12; Revelation 22:17). Nevertheless, since sovereign grace includes the means of receiving the gift of salvation as well as the gift itself, sovereign election will result in what God determines. All whom the Father calls to Himself will come in faith and all who come in faith the Father will receive (John 6:37 40, 44; Acts 13:48; James 4:8).
- We believe that the unmerited favor that God grants to totally depraved sinners is not related to any initiative of their own part nor to God's anticipation of what they might do by their own will, but is solely of His sovereign grace and mercy (Ephesians 1:4 7; Titus 3:4 7; 1 Peter 1:2).
- We believe that regeneration is a supernatural work of the Holy Spirit by which the divine nature and divine life are given (John 3:3 7; Titus 3:5). It is instantaneous and is accomplished solely by the power of the Holy Spirit through the instrumentality of the Word of God (John 5:24), when the repentant sinner, as enabled by the Holy Spirit, responds in faith to the divine provision of salvation.
- Genuine regeneration is manifested by fruits worthy of repentance as demonstrated in righteous attitudes and conduct. Good works will be its proper evidence and fruit (1 Corinthians 6:19 20; Ephesians 2:10), and will be experienced to the extent that the believer submits to the control of the Holy Spirit in his life through faithful obedience to the Word of God (Ephesians 5:17 21; Philippians 2:12b; Colossians 3:16; 2 Peter 1:4-10).
- We believe that justification before God is an act of God (Romans 8:33) by which He declares those who, through faith in Christ, repent of their sins to be instantly and irrevocably counted righteous in His sight (Luke 13:3; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 11:18; Romans 2:4; 2 Corinthians 7:10; Isaiah 55:6 7) and confess Him as sovereign Lord (Romans 10:9-10; 1 Corinthians 12:3; 2 Corinthians 4:5; Philippians 2:11).
- This righteousness is apart from any virtue or work of man (Romans 3:20; 4:6) and involves the imputation of our sins to Christ (Colossians 2:14; 1 Peter 2:24) and the imputation of Christ's righteousness to us (1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21). By this means God is enabled to "be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus" (Romans 3:26).
- We believe that every believer is sanctified (set apart) unto God by justification and is therefore declared to be holy and is therefore identified as a saint. This sanctification is positional and instantaneous and should not be confused with progressive sanctification. This sanctification has to do with the believer's standing, not his present walk or condition (Acts 20:32; 1 Corinthians 1:2, 30; 6:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 2:11; 3:1; 10:10, 14; 13:12; 1 Peter 1:2).
- We believe that there is also by the work of the Holy Spirit a progressive sanctification by which the state of the believer is brought closer to the standing the believer positionally enjoys through justification. Through obedience to the Word of God and the empowering of the Holy Spirit, the believer is able to live a life of increasing holiness in conformity to the will of God, becoming more and more like our Lord Jesus Christ (John 17:17,19; Romans 6:1-22; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 1 Thessalonians 4:3-4; 5:23).
- In this respect, we believe that every saved person is involved in a daily conflict—the new creation in Christ doing battle against the flesh—but adequate provision is made for victory through the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit. The struggle nevertheless stays with the believer all through this earthly life and is never completely ended. All claims to the eradication of sin in this life are unscriptural. Eradication of sin is not possible, but the Holy Spirit does provide for victory over sin (Galatians 5:16-25; Ephesians 4:22-24; Philippians 3:12; Colossians 3:9-10; 1 Peter 1:14-16; 1 John 3:5-9).
- The glorification of God’s people refers specifically to the changed body that both dead and living believers “in Christ” receive at His return (Romans 8:23; 1 Corinthians 15:51–57; Philippians 3:20–21; 1 Thessalonians 4:16–17; 1 John 3:1–2). Glorification is the final stage of personal salvation and accomplishes God’s purpose to conform each believer to Christ’s image as perfected humanity (Romans 8:29).
- We believe that the souls of the redeemed are, at death, absent from the body and present with the Lord Jesus Christ, where in joyful fellowship with Him the they await the first resurrection, when soul and body are reunited to be glorified forever with the Lord ( Luke 23:43; Revelation 20:4-6; 2 Corinthians 5:8; Philippians 1:23).
- ASSURANCE OF SALVATION
- We believe that all the redeemed once saved are kept by God's power and are thus secure in Christ forever (John 5:24; 6:37-40; 10:27-30; Romans 5:9-10; 8:1, 31-39; 1 Corinthians 1:4-8; Ephesians 4:30; Hebrews 7:25; 13:5; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 24).
- We believe that it is the privilege of believers to rejoice in the assurance of their salvation through the testimony of God's Word, which, however, clearly forbids the use of Christian liberty as an occasion for sinful living and carnality (Romans 6:15-22; 13:13-14; Galatians 5:13, 25-26; Titus 2:11-14).
- CHRISTIAN LIVING – We believe that out of deep gratitude for the undeserved grace of God granted to us and because our glorious God is so worthy of our total consecration, all the saved should live in such a manner as to demonstrate our adoring love to God and should abstain from such habits as will cause others to stumble or bring reproach upon the Name of Christ. Believers are called to holy living and are created in Christ Jesus to do good works (1 Cor 10:31, 1 John 2:15-17, Rom 13:14, 14:13, Eph 2:10).
- We believe that all who place their faith in Jesus Christ are immediately placed by the Holy Spirit into one united spiritual Body, the church (1 Corinthians 12:12 13), the bride of Christ (2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:23 32; Revelation 19:7 8), of which Christ is the Head (Ephesians 1:22; 4:15; Colossians 1:18).
- We believe that the formation of the church, the Body of Christ, began on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1 21, 38 47) and will be completed at the coming of Christ for His own at the rapture (1 Corinthians 15:51 52; 1 Thessalonians 4:13 18).
- We believe that the church is thus a unique spiritual organism designed by Christ, made up of all born again believers in this present age (Ephesians 2:11 3:6). The church is distinct from Israel (1 Corinthians 10:32), a mystery not revealed until this age (Ephesians 3:1 6; 5:32).
- DISPENSATIONALISM – We believe in the basic foundations of dispensationalism which include the following three things. First, we believe in the use of consistent historical, grammatical, and literal interpretation of all Scripture. Second, we believe that there is a distinction between Israel and the Church (Romans 9-11, especially 9:6, 27-28; 11:25-27; Galatians 6:16). Lastly, we believe that God’s purpose is doxological, which means that God’s glory is the end for which He created the world (Isaiah 43:7, Romans 11:33-36, Ephesians 3:21).
- We believe that the establishment and continuity of local churches is clearly taught and defined in the New Testament Scriptures (Acts 14:23, 27; 20:17, 28; Galatians 1:2; Philippians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:1) and that the members of the one spiritual Body are directed to associate themselves together in local assemblies (1 Corinthians 11:18 20; Hebrews 10:25).
- We believe the importance of discipleship (Matthew 28:19 20; 2 Timothy 2:2), mutual accountability of all believers to each other (Matthew 18:5 14), as well as the need for discipline of sinning members of the congregation in accord with the standards of Scripture (Matthew 18:15 22; Acts 5:1 11; 1 Corinthians 5:1 13; 2 Thessalonians 3:6 15; 1 Timothy 1:19 20; Titus 1:10 16).
- We believe the autonomy of the local church, free from any external authority or control, with the right of self government and freedom from the interference of any hierarchy of individuals or organizations (Titus 1:5). We teach that it is scriptural for true churches to cooperate with each other for the presentation and propagation of the faith. We believe that the church is to be led by servant leaders called elders who are its overseers and shepherds (1 Peter 5:1-5). These elders determine matters such as membership, policy, discipline, benevolence, and government (Acts 15:19 31; 20:28; 1 Corinthians 5:4 7, 13; 1 Peter 5:1 4).
- We believe that two ordinances have been committed to the local church: baptism and the Lord's Supper (Acts 2:38 42).
- We believe that Christian Baptism by immersion in water is for persons who have confessed Jesus Christ as their personal Savior. It is a symbol, a testimony and an act of obedience expressing the individual’s faith of having been crucified, buried and raised to a new life in Jesus Christ (Matt 28:19-20, Acts 10:47, Rom 6:1-6).
- The Lord’s Supper also called the Communion shall be observed regularly as a memorial symbol and act of fellowship in remembrance of the broken body, shed blood, resurrection of Jesus and His promise to return (Matt 26:26-30, 1 Cor 11:20-34).
Ø Holy Angels - We believe that angels are created beings and are therefore not to be worshiped. Although they are a higher order of creation than man, they are created to serve God and to worship Him (Luke 2:9 14; Hebrews 1:6 7, 14; 2:6 7; Revelation 5:11 14; 19:10; 22:9).
Ø Fallen Angels
o We believe that Satan is a created angel and the author of sin. He incurred the judgment of God by rebelling against his Creator (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6), by taking numerous angels with him in his fall (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 12:1 14), and by introducing sin into the human race by his temptation of Eve (Genesis 3:1 15).
o We believe that Satan is the open and declared enemy of God and man (Matthew 4:1 11; Revelation 12:9 10); the prince of this world, who has been defeated through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ (Romans 16:20); and that he shall be eternally punished in the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10).
o We believe that the believer is removed from Satan’s authority and dominion and that a true believer, while being an object of severe oppression and attacks, cannot be indwelt by a demon (1 Corinthians 6:19-20; 2 Corinthians 6:14-16; Colossians 1:13, 16-17; 2:15; 1 John 4:4).
o We believe that the believer’s warfare is waged by the “full armor of God”; and therefore, does not involve binding or commanding Satan directly, but standing firm against him through the Word of God, earnest prayer, repentance from sin, and a holy life (Ephesians 6:10-19; James 4:8-11; 1 Peter 5:6-10; 2 Corinthians 10:3-6).
- We believe that physical death involves no loss of our immaterial consciousness (Revelation 6:9-11), that the soul of the redeemed passes immediately into the presence of Christ (Luke 23:43; Philippians 1:23; 2 Corinthians 5:8), that there is a separation of soul and body (Philippians 1:21-24), and that, for the redeemed, such separation will continue until the rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17). This initiates the first resurrection (Revelation 20:4-6), when our soul and body will be reunited to be glorified forever with our Lord (Philippians 3:21; 1 Corinthians 15:35-44, 50-54). Until that time, the souls of the redeemed in Christ remain in joyful fellowship with our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 5:8).
- We believe in the bodily resurrection of all men, the saved to eternal life (John 6:39; Romans 8:10-11, 19-23; 2 Corinthians 4:14), and the unsaved to judgment and everlasting punishment (Daniel 12:2; John 5:29; Revelation 20:13-15).
- We believe the souls of the unbelievers remain, after death, in conscious misery until the second resurrection, when with soul and body reunited they shall appear at the Great White Throne Judgment, and shall be cast into the Lake of Fire, not to be annihilated, but to suffer everlasting conscious punishment (Daniel 12:2; Matthew 25:41-46; Mark 9:43-48; Luke 16:10-26; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9; Jude 6-7; Revelation 20:11-15).
Ø The Rapture of the Church - We believe the personal, imminent, bodily return of our Lord Jesus Christ before the seven year tribulation (1 Thessalonians 4:16; Titus 2:13) to translate His church from this earth (John 14:1-3; 1 Corinthians 15:51-53; 1 Thessalonians 4:15-5:11); and between this event and His glorious return with His saints, He will reward believers according to their works (1 Corinthians 3:11-15; 2 Corinthians 5:10).
Ø The Tribulation Period
o We believe that immediately following the removal of the church from the earth (John 14:1-3; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18) the righteous judgments of God will be poured out upon an unbelieving world (Jeremiah 30:7; Daniel 9:27; 12:1; 2 Thessalonians 2:7-12; Revelation 16), and that these judgments will be climaxed by the return of Christ in glory to the earth (Matthew 24:27-31; 25:31-46; 2 Thessalonians 2:7-12). At that time the Old Testament and tribulation saints will be raised and the living will be judged (Daniel 12:2-3; Revelation 20:4-6). This period includes the seventieth week of Daniel's prophecy (Daniel 9:24-27; Matthew 24:15-31; 25:31-46).
Ø The Second Coming and the Millennial Reign
- We believe that, after the tribulation period, Christ will come to earth to occupy the throne of David (Matthew 25:31; Luke 1:31-33; Acts 1:10-11; 2:29-30) and establish His messianic kingdom for a thousand years on the earth (Revelation 20:1-7). During this time the resurrected saints will reign with Him over Israel and all the nations of the earth (Ezekiel 37:21-28; Daniel 7:17-22; Revelation 19:11-16). This reign will be preceded by the overthrow of the Antichrist and the False Prophet, and by the removal of Satan from the world (Daniel 7:17-27; Revelation 20:1-7).
- We believe that the kingdom itself will be the fulfillment of God's promise to Israel (Isaiah 65:17-25; Ezekiel 37:21-28; Zechariah 8:1-17) to restore them to the land which they forfeited through their disobedience (Deuteronomy 28:15-68). The result of their disobedience was that Israel was temporarily set aside (Matthew 21:43; Romans 11:1-26) but will again be awakened through repentance to enter into the land of blessing (Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 36:22-32; Romans 11:25-29).
- We believe that this time of our Lord's reign will be characterized by harmony, justice, peace, righteousness, and long life (Isaiah 11; 65:17-25; Ezekiel 36:33-38), and will be brought to an end with the release of Satan (Revelation 20:7).
Ø The Judgment of the Lost
- We believe that following the release of Satan after the thousand year reign of Christ (Revelation 20:7), Satan will deceive the nations of the earth and gather them to battle against the saints and the beloved city, at which time Satan and his army will be devoured by fire from heaven (Revelation 20:9). Following this, Satan will be thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10) whereupon Christ, who is the Judge of all men (John 5:22), will resurrect and judge the great and small at the Great White Throne judgment (Revelation 20:11-15).
- We believe that this resurrection of the unsaved dead to judgment will be a physical resurrection, whereupon receiving their judgment (Romans 14:10-13), they will be committed to an eternal conscious punishment in the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:11-15).
- We believe that after the closing of the millennium, the temporary release of Satan, and the judgment of unbelievers (2 Thessalonians 1:9; Revelation 20:7-15), the saved will enter the eternal state of glory with God, after which the elements of this earth are to be dissolved (2 Peter 3:10) and replaced with a new earth wherein only righteousness dwells (Ephesians 5:5; Revelation 20:15, 21-22). Following this, the heavenly city will come down out of heaven (Revelation 21:2) and will be the dwelling place of the saints, where they will forever enjoy fellowship with God and one another (John 17:3; Revelation 21-22). Our Lord Jesus Christ, having fulfilled His redemptive mission, will then deliver up the kingdom to God the Father (1 Corinthians 15:24-28) that in all spheres the triune God may reign forever and ever (1 Corinthians 15:28).